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La Paloma Doméstica | Celebrate Urban Birds

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Guía de Aves : Puerto Rico

Rock Pigeon (PR translation)

Especies Focales Principales

Viviendo de los desperdicios de comida y del alpiste que les ofrecen, es frecuente ver multitudes de Palomas Domésticas en calles y plazas de todo el mundo. La típica Paloma Doméstica es de color azul grisáceo con dos bandas negras en las alas. Sin embargo, puede que veas bandadas de ellas de un solo color, con manchas, pálidas, o de color rojo óxido. Traídas a Norteamérica desde Europa a principios de 1600, las Palomas Domésticas anidan en edificios y alféizares. En el campo, las Palomas Domésticas anidan en graneros, silos de torre, debajo de puentes, y precipicios naturales.

Distribución


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Hábitat

Áreas urbanas, agrícolas, y precipicios rocosos. A veces se congregan en parques urbanos donde la gente les da de comer.

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Alimentación

Las Palomas Domésticas comen semillas, frutas, y de vez en cuando, invertebrados. Comen de buena gana comida que la gente les ha dejado a propósito o por accidente, incluyendo migas de pan y comida desechada.

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Comportamiento

Las Palomas Domésticas picotean la comida del suelo, y toman agua colocando su pico en el agua, usándolo como un pitillo. Cuando amenazan a un rival, las palomas puede que inclinen la cabeza, arrullen, e inflen su garganta, mientras caminan en círculos. Cuando el macho corteja a su pareja, él hace una reverencia a la hembra, arrulla, infla su garganta, y camina en círculos alrededor de ella. Tanto el macho como la hembra se acomodan las plumas mutuamente, y el macho puede que agarre el pico de la hembra y le de de comer como parte de su cortejo. Cuando están listos para aparearse, la hembra se agacha y el macho salta sobre su espalda. El macho le lleva a la hembra de a una ramita o tallo a la vez para construir el nido. Él empolla los huevos desde la media mañana hasta el final de la tarde; el turno de ella empieza al final de la tarde, y continúa durante la noche hasta le media mañana. Ambos padres participan de la crianza de los pichones, y los alimentan con un liquido lechoso que ambos secretan de las paredes internas del buche.

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Anidación

Durante la construcción del nido, la hembra se sienta en él y construye una base delgada con paja, tallos, y ramitas que el macho le trae. Las Palomas Domésticas usan sus nidos muchas veces, y no sacan del nido la materia fecal de los pichones como hacen muchas otras aves. Esto ocasiona que con el tiempo ,el nido débil y delgado se convierta en un nido de consistencia más sólida, muchas veces conteniendo huevos y pichones muertos momificados.

Apariencia

Sonidos Típicos

Doves
icon-pigeon.png

© Paul Marvin / Macaulay Library

Tamaño y Apariencia

Las Palomas Domésticas son más grandes y acuerpadas que Las Palomas Huilotas. Además, tienen un cuerpo robusto, cabeza pequeña, y patas cortas. Las alas son anchas pero puntiagudas, y la cola es ancha y redonda.

Colores del Ave

Son aves de colores variados, pero la mayoría son de color gris azulado; tienen dos rayas negras en las alas, y la punta de la cola negra. La mayoría de las Palomas Domésticas tienen plumas iridiscentes en el cuello. A veces, también tienen puntos negros en las alas.


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Fotos de la Especie

Especies Parecidas

Las Palomas de Collar son casi completamente grises, y tienen patas y picos amarillos; además, tienen un collar blanco en la parte de atrás del cuello. Las Palomas Turcas son café claro grisáceo, y tienen una mancha negra en la parte de atrás del cuello. Las Palomas Huilotas son de color café grisáceo, y tienen manchas negras en las alas. Además, son más esbeltas y tienen una cola larga y puntiaguda. La Paloma de Ala Blanca tiene parches blancos en las alas que se pueden ver cuando está volando y cuando no. Los parches parecen bandas blancas en el borde de las alas.

¿Sabías que…?

  • Tanto los machos como las hembras de la Paloma Doméstica producen “leche de paloma”, un liquido rico en proteína y grasa para alimentar a los pichones.
  • Las palomas mensajeras son de la misma especie que las Palomas Domésticas; son capaces de encontrar su lugar de origen aún estando a miles de millas de distancia. Es por esto, que se les ha utilizado en las guerras para llevar mensajes a través de los territorios enemigos.